1. United States
2. United Kingdom
3. Russian Federation
6. Ivory Coast
7. South Africa
8. Equatorial Guinea
12. Dominican Republic
THE SOUTH CHINA SEA CONFLICT
The South China Sea conflict is a territorial dispute among states over the region. It involves nations such as Brunei, China, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines and Vietnam. Through this territory, it is estimated that there is a five trillion of dollars global trade annually, involving oil, natural gas, hydrocarbon and fish stocks. This immense water territory includes many islands, which are not populated, but are used for military bases. These, combined with the commerce of the sector, are what creates value to it.
What is known as the South China Sea has been, for a long time, considered international waters by the countries near it. China, however, claims it as their property. The countries mentioned before, of course, disagree with this claim, which has triggered the conflict among them. If it was accepted, the territory would become Chinese, and it would allow them to control all navigation (including commercial), which would give them a several advantage over the commercial flow, compared to every country in the world as it is estimated that five trillion US dollars flow in the territory every year, including half of the oil consumed by the Asian countries.
THE MILITARY INTERVENTION IN VENEZUELA
Ever since April 2013, when Nicolás Maduro took power, Venezuela has kept the international community on edge. UN estimates record nearly 3M people have left the country since 2014, when the economic crisis aggravated. Hyperinflation has reached unprecedented levels. Maduro was invested for six second six-year term in May 2018. However, in January 2019, a new actor Juan Guaidó has declared himself as the constitutional president, and has been recognized by some, including U.S. President, thus creating a critical situation of power duality, aggravated by the recent humanitarian crisis. The question remains, what actions, if any, should be taken by the international community.
For historical reasons, the Security Council – in the effects of being one of the most influential organizations inside the United Nations- has the special procedure of the veto power. This is that any project should not be disapproved by any of the permanent members of the Council (China, France, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom and the United States of America) to be authorized.
DÍAS PARA CONGRESO
We are close to begin the greatest Model of the United Nations in El Salvador. Cheer up and join us in the amazing experience of being one of the first delegates in MUN ESEN '19.